Following the continued General Assembly of MVM Ltd. held on 23rd December 2005, the Board of Directors passed a resolution on the transfer of the company’s transmission activities and the related assets to MAVIR Ltd. With this resolution, as a key element of MVM’s Medium-Term Business Strategy, the Hungarian Transmission System Operator was established within the MVM Group on 1st January 2006.

With the establishment of the Hungarian Transmission System Operator, MVM Ltd. has taken a significant step in the process of establishing an integrated national electricity company group. The establishment of the TSO increases the security of electricity supply via a uniform management of transmission network assets and tasks and the simplification of complex internal regulations resulting from the previous fragmented operation. At the same time, the unique position of the Transmission System Operator within the MVM Group guarantees the independence of system operation from market participants in a transparent and non-discriminative manner, which is required both by European Union and Hungarian legislation in order to protect the market. The legal framework of the ITO model, which ensures the simultaneous realisation of benefits arising from integrated operations and compliance with unbundling rules, in accordance with the EU directive, was laid down by the Hungarian Parliament in a legislative amendment passed at the end of 2009. The changeover took place in 2012.

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Accordingly, MAVIR Hungarian Independent Transmission Operator Company Ltd. (MAVIR Ltd.), on the basis of a Transmission System Operator’s license received from the Hungarian Energy and Public Utility Regulatory Authority,

  • provides for a reliable, efficient and secure operation of the Hungarian electricity system including required reserve capacities of generation and transmission;
  • controls and augments the assets of the transmission system, performs all renewal, maintenance and development activities required for a proper and reliable electricity supply;
  • ensures an undisturbed operation and further extension of the electricity market and the balance group system supporting the market, and ensures access for system users on equal terms;
  • synchronizes the operation of the Hungarian electricity system with the neighbouring systems;
  • coordinates professional international cooperation activities;
  • prepares the network development strategy and puts forward proposals for the development of the generation pool.

Activities of MAVIR in numbers
Hungary’s total electricity consumption in 2019 was 45.7 TWh.
The length of the Hungarian transmission grid, owned by MAVIR Ltd., is 3821 km.
The summer peak load of the Hungarian electricity system was 6633 MW in 2019.
The winter peak load of the Hungarian electricity system was 7105 MW in 2019.
MAVIR Ltd. owns 17 transmission grid substations.
The number of the employees of MAVIR Ltd. is 640 people.

MAVIR Ltd. is the parent company of the HUPX Group. HUPX Ltd. is the Hungarian Nominated Electricity Market Operator.

MAVIR Ltd. takes part in the work of several international organisations and forums. The most important ones are as follows:

  • NTSO-E (European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity),
  • EURELECTRIC (The Union of the Electricity Industry – sector association which represents the common interests of the electricity industry at pan-European level),
  • CIGRÉ (Professional international organisation of high voltage electricity networks),
  • IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission – international and European organisation for standardisation)

  • JAO (Joint Allocation Office – organizing auctions for cross border transmission capacity),
  • TSCNET GmbH (one of Europe’s Regional Security Coordinators, RSCs)

  • Core Regional Cooperation (13 Central-European countries, 16 TSOs),
  • TSC – Cooperation for system security,
  • eGCC (extended Grid Control Cooperation),
  • International balancing energy projects (MARI, TERRE, PICASSO),
  • IGCC (International Grid Control Cooperation for imbalance netting),
  • FutureFlow Project (Providing for the international performance of secondary frequency control),
  • Farcross Project (Solutions for increased regional cross-border cooperation in the transmission grid),
  • SEE Regional Cooperation (TSOs of 16 Southern European countries),
  • 4MMC Project (CZ-SK-HU-RO market coupling project),
  • Core flow-based market coupling project,
  • SIDC (earlier XBID) intraday market coupling project,
  • SDAC day-ahead market coupling project,
  • DE-AT-PL-4MMC, NTC-based market coupling project,
  • REEF cooperation (Roundtable for Europe’s Energy Future),
  • WB6 (Market integration cooperation of the Western Balkans),
  • Expert support provided for ITM in relation with Central and South Eastern Europe energy connectivity, CESEC.